Tag Archives: The SCOOP

SCOOP: Fair Use/Fair Dealing Week 2019 – Fair Use in Online Education

Fair Use
Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Scholarly Communication and Digital Projects Manager

Fair Use (U.S. law) and Fair Dealing (Canada and other jurisdictions) are essential limitations and exceptions to copyright allowing the use of copyrighted materials, without permission from the copyright holder, under certain circumstances. These doctrines facilitate balance in copyright law, promoting further progress and accommodating freedom of speech and expression. Fair Use Week, February 25 – March 1, is a great time to consider the flexibility and applicability of fair use, particularly how it allows copyright to adapt to new technologies, which is essential when considering the application of fair use to online education.

SCOOP: Scholarly Communications 2018: What Matters for Theological Libraries?

Scholarly Communication
Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

ATLA enjoyed exciting growth in 2018 in its scholarly communications program, with the expansion of the open access publishing program and offering of webinars and a pre-conference workshop for ATLA members on topics related to fair use, open access and publishing. Around the globe there were other interesting and intriguing developments in law, policy, and programs that were of interest and importance to libraries.

SCOOP: Build Scholarly Communication Competencies with the ACRL Roadshow

Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

Last fall, in one of my first SCOOP columns, I proposed that we are all scholarly communication librarians and offered examples of how librarians filling different functional roles as well as those working at smaller libraries often perform scholarly communication duties. Further, in that column, I shared the NASIG Core Competencies for Scholarly Communication Librarians as a comprehensive list of the types of knowledge and skills those engaged with scholarly communication should have. Within the area of “background knowledge,” the authors of the NASIG resource state that “deep knowledge of the Open Access movement and its impact on the scholarly publishing landscape, digital preservation, relevant metadata schemata and standards, copyright, the development and implementation of organizational and institutional open access policies…[and] an understanding of the legislative environment, especially regarding copyright, Open Educational Resources (OER) and public access requirements” are key foundational areas of understanding for those engaged in scholarly communication librarianship.

The SCOOP: Being a Good Shepherd: Creating a Culture of Open Access Publishing

Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

Last month I had the privilege of attending two conferences where I shared the good work of the ATLA Press and our progress in creating a culture of open access publishing for theological librarians and the populations they serve. During the NFAIS Open Access Conference on the theme of “Movements and Models of Open Access,” I joined publishers, funders, technologists, and other stakeholders to share how our respective organizations were furthering open access. I also attended the FORCE11 Annual Conference where I presented a poster highlighting the components of the ATLA Press and our future plans to establish a sustainable and progressive open access publishing program. Below are some of the highlights of what I shared during these two events.

The SCOOP: Open Access Week 2018: Ensuring Open Access is Equitable and Inclusive

Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

Open Access Week 2018 arrives October 22nd with a challenge to stakeholders in the scholarly system to be intentional about designing systems for open access that are “inclusive, equitable, and truly serve the needs of a diverse global community.” As articulated in ATLA’s core values, we strive to promote hospitality, inclusion, and diversity, and these values inform the decisions we make in creating a worldwide hub of scholarly communication in religion and theology.

The SCOOP: Who Knows the Way to Get to OA?

Open Access
Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

When open access was first introduced as a concept nearly twenty years ago, there were two common “roads” offered to open access: Gold and Green. Gold OA was defined then and still known now as open access that is available directly from publishers and free for readers but commonly published at a cost for authors, known as Article Processing Charges or APCs. Green OA has been understood to mean open access through the action of authors, most commonly through author deposit in an open access repository. Variations on these two original modes of open access have emerged over the years; however, the growing concern among proponents and advocates has been not only the slow growth but also the sustainability of the current models. In recent months, two new roadways to open access have been proposed: the 2.5% Commitment and OA2020.

The SCOOP: The Continuing Conundrum of Copyright and Course Reserves

Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

As the fall semester dawns and faculty prepare for classes, libraries return to questions of policy and legality as they process incoming course reserve requests. Copyright issues related to the provision of materials in an educational setting, whether via interlibrary loan, coursepacks, electronic course reserves or course management systems, have been contentious for libraries for decades resulting in the development of overly restrictive guidelines and policies fueled by confusion and anxiety. Much of the confusion and anxiety that exists today is the product of the continuing litigation against Georgia State University, who was sued in 2008 by three academic publishers claiming copyright infringement resulting from the posting of book chapter scans in the University electronic course reserve system.

The SCOOP: Scholarly Communication at the Crossroads: Reflections on the ATLA Annual Conference

Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

This was my first ATLA Annual Conference since joining the ATLA staff last fall. It was a wonderful opportunity to meet for the first time so many of our members. I had the opportunity both to lead sessions on publishing and open access and to sit in on several sessions and learn about the innovative projects and creative strategies to overcome obstacles that are being employed at several of our member libraries.

The SCOOP: Searching for Open Access Content

Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

Strategies for Locating Open Access Content

In an era of shrinking library budgets and increasing cost, as well as quantity, of content, libraries must make strategic decisions in how many books to buy and what subscriptions to maintain year to year. Some academic library systems have partnered to lower costs by sharing collection building and by implementing liberal and efficient means for faculty and students to borrow materials from other libraries within the system. Libraries also participate in consortial licensing programs as a means of negotiating more affordable access to licensed resources. Increasingly, however, libraries are employing a new strategy for locating affordable content for their faculty and students: searching for open access versions of materials.

The SCOOP: The Metric System – Measuring Impact in Scholarly Communication

Submitted by Christine Fruin, ATLA Member Programs and Scholarly Communication Manager

A Brief History of Metrics: From the Journal Impact Factor to Altmetrics

Ask an author why he or she has published their work in an academic journal, and one of the common responses you will hear is that they want to establish themselves as an expert in their field. Their reputation as an expert, and by extension the value attributed to their published work, is usually tied to where that article was published, or more critically what rank that journal holds among other journals in the field. Journal ranking calculated according to a journal’s impact factor has historically been the predominant metric for measuring the impact and quality of scholarship. However, reliance upon this flawed means of measuring the importance of one’s contribution to the field may have contributed to some of the problems with the current system of scholarly publishing.